### Playtime Learning

# Number Bond Activity: Adding with Gnome Homes

Here you can paint toilet paper rolls to make your own DIY learning game and number bond activity.

- Count out the windows on each
*‘gnome tower’*to see the total number on each one. - Find the numbered door that corresponds to the number of windows and add it onto each home.
- Then look at the two gnome homes together. Can you add up the windows on
**both towers**to get the total number?

If so, find it and pop it on the communal roof.

### Summary

**Time:** 10 minutes

**Ages:** Little Kids – Big Kids

**Difficulty:** Easy peasy

## What does this number bond activity teach children?

These gnome homes are a very visual way to learn first addition.

The number bond activity teaches children:

- how to count out objects (the windows).
- how to assign numbers to that amount (the numbered doors).
- how to add them together (the number on the communal roof).

It also shows children how the same number on the roof can be made up of different combinations of windows on the two towers.

So for example a **number 4** on the roof could mean that it sits on top of 2 gnome towers with:

**2** windows and **2** windows OR **1** window and **3** windows

Both combinations add up to a **total of 4.**

## You will need:

- Toilet paper rolls
- Paint –
*we prefer acrylic paints* - Paintbrush
- Card, white and brown
- Scissors
- Felt pen or Sharpie
- Blue tac
- White round stickers (optional)

### Step 1: Paint the toilet paper rolls

Paint each of the two toilet paper rolls in different colours.

Acrylic paints works well to cover the rolls in a thick layer of paint.

### Step 2: Make the roof

Draw around a plate or another circular shape onto a piece of coloured card.

Cut out the circle shape.

Then make a cut from the outer edge into the centre of the circle.

Ease your circle into a cone shape and stick down the edges with tape.

### Step 3: Add the roof to the gnome homes

Glue your two painted toilet paper rolls together and then glue the roof in place.

The gnome home is ready to begin the number bond activity with.

### Step 4: Add doors and windows

To play this game you will need 3 elements. You can either make them as shown or use our printouts (see below).

**Windows.**These will be stuck onto each gnome home. Either use white stickers or cut out circles of white card for the windows. Draw a cross on each one with Sharpie pens if you like.**Numbered Doors.**Cut out door shapes from brown card and write numbers on them from 1-5.**Numbered Circles**to stick onto the roofs. These are the**total**number of windows in the**2 towers**below. Cut out**10 circles**from white card and write on the numbers**1-10**for these.

Add a small ball of Blu Tack onto the back of each of the elements so that you can stick them onto the towers.

## Activity 1: Count Out the Windows and Add Them Together

You can start this game in a number of ways.

Here we have started with the windows.

### Add the Windows and Count Them Out

Roll a pair or dice or randomly decide how many windows to stick onto each gnome tower.

### Find the Correctly Numbered Door

Count out the number of windows on each one. Then give it the correctly numbered door.

The home with **3 windows** would have a door with a **number 3** on it.

The home with **1 window** would have a door with the** number 1** on it.

### How Many Windows Altogether?

Count out all the windows together on the two towers, to get the number on the roof.

Here we have 3 on one tower and 1 on the other.

3+1=4 so the number on the roof will be 4.

Stick the correct total number onto the roof.

## Activity 2: Find 2 Numbers That Make Up the Total

If your child has already done some adding and is familiar with the concept, you could start this game a different way.

### Place a number on the roof

This is your ‘total’ number of windows on both towers.

Here we’ve started with a** total** of **4.** We have stuck it onto the roof.

Ask your child to count out **4 white windows**.

### Share the windows between the 2 homes

Your child can share those 4 windows between the 2 gnome homes, however they like.

Will they put 4 on one and 0 on the other?

Or 1 on one and 3 on the other?

Or 2 on one and 2 on the other?

Play around with this to show your child that there are different ways to share 4 windows that still add up to a total of 4.

Here we have shared them equally and put 2 on one tower and 2 on the other.

### Choose the numbered doors

Assign the correctly numbered door to each gnome tower.

Here each tower has **2 windows** so each has a number **2 door.**

The numbered doors could help your child write out a number sum. Here it would be:

**2 + 2 = 4**

You can check this is right by counting out all the windows together.

### What other ways can you make 4?

You can remove the 4 stickers and numbered doors and see what other ways you can make up 4.

Here we have stuck down 3 windows on one gnome home, and 1 to the other.

Again you can show them that 3 and 1 makes 4.

**3+1=4**

## Explore more number bonds

You can play again, finding ways to make different number bonds from different totals.

Here we have chosen to stick the number 5 on the roof and we are finding ways to share 5 window stickers between the two gnome homes.

We have found that 3+2=5.

### How to play with the Free Printables

If you have signed up to get our free printables you will have ready made numbered doors, roof numbers and windows.

You can print these, cut them out and play the game in the same way.

These gnome homes are a very hands-on way to show how you can share out numbers differently.

Different combinations of numbers can give the same total. 1 and 4 is 5 but then 2 and 3 is also 5.

Once your child gets the hang of this concept, adding can become a lot easier.